Performance Communication senior, Pam Splichal will present true stories of
youth who were victims of the Holocaust but kept positive until the end. Her
presentation is about the writings of two different youths, Anne Frank and Pavel
Friedmann, during the time of the Holocaust. It includes some of Anne Frank’s
personal entries from her diary, description of her experiences as a young girl
growing up during hardship and keeping positive. It also includes Pavel
Friedmann’s poem “The Butterfly” and a description of hope through his
faith. Diane Howard , Ph.D. will facilitate discussion with the distant
students. This discussion is to include the following: National Holocaust
Remembrance Day, the term Holocaust/holocaust, stories of other youth who
worked as Nazi resisters, and stories of Allied soldiers who rescued Jewish
people during WWII.
My name is Pam. I am a student at Mary Hardin-Baylor. My presentation is on
“Youth during the Holocaust”. This topic is important to me because it inspires
me to keep hope because Anne Frank and Pavel Friedmann can see something
positive during the Holocaust, we should be able to find hope living today.
Anne Frank’s Family in 1940 could not leave Amsterdam because of the Nazi
occupation of the Netherlands. As persecutions of Jews increased in July 1942,
the Frank family went into the hiding. Anne was 12.
Very little is known about Pavel Friedman, but he was born in Prague and
deported to a concentration camp in city of Terezín., His recorded arrival is
April 26, 1942.
Howard- standing at the podium
(Graphic 1) It is WWII. The Nazi have occupied the Netherlands a small country
north of France. The Nazis and their dictatorship believed that Jews were
less than human. Those that lived in the now occupied Nazi countries were
gathered and quarantined. Some Jews left Europe and joined their families
overseas. Others went into hiding. Most of the unfortunate that stayed behind
were murdered. (Graphic 2)
as ANNE FRANK
Its Sunday, 14 June, 1942 I woke up at Six o’clock and no wonder: it was my
birthday...Soon after seven I went to Mummy and Daddy and then to the sitting
room to undo my presents. (Graphic 3)
It is July 11, 1942. My family and the Van Dan’s and Mr. Druses moved into
hiding in Amsterdam. I call our secret hiding place the Secret Annexe. Although
it leans to one side and is damp, we’d never find such a comfortable hiding
place anywhere. [Photo of ANNE]
HOWARD standing at the podium
These quotations are directly from Anne Frank’s Journal.
Anne Frank’s family lived in hiding from July 6th, 1942 to August
4th, 1944. Although her adolescent years were confined to only a part of a
hidden compartment, she kept a positive perspective even in her circumstances.
She feared of the capture and bombing of her family and friends. Just as in any
family, there were tense situations between the occupants. Anne Frank grew from
a girl to a young adult. She thought about boys. She hoped for the future. She
even used sarcasm to hide her fear and frustration.
as ANNE FRANK
It is Oct 1942 many of my Jewish friends are being taken away by the
dozen……Nice People, the Germans! To think that I was once one of them. I do not
know where they are going. I know some left the country but I wonder where my
uncles are in America.
Its Feb 12th 1944 Kitty, the sun is shining, the sky is deep blue
there is a lovely breeze and I’m longing….to talk for freedom, for friends, to
It the 13th of Feb 1944 Since Saturday a lot has changed for me… to
say great joy-I will be honest about it already this morning, I thought Peter
was in love with Margo but yesterday I suddenly had the feeling that he was not.
I made it a special effort not to look at him much and kitty he kept on looking
The quotations are directly from Anne Frank’s Journal.
(Graphic 4) Throughout Anne’s diary, she talked about life, as limited as was,
with resolve and girlishness. With the destruction of her life around her, she
found love and support with her family and those in hiding with her. Her
writings were her escape, her emotions flooded theses pages expressing
perspective as a young Jewish teenage girl.
In August 4, 1944, the Secret Annexe was raided by the Polizei. In March 1945,
two months before the release of Holland from Nazi control, Anne died in a
concentration camp. The only survivor from her family was her Father.
Among the books and magazines in the Annexe, Anne’s diary was found. The diary
was first printed in Dutch in 1947. By 1951 it was published in English. The
diary became world famous and today it is printed approximately in 67 different
languages and has sold more than 31 million copies.
(Graphic 6) The Jewish ghettos were where the Nazis forced Jews into isolated
parts of cities, barricading them with barb wires and walls with shards of
glass]. Soldiers with weapons guarded these streets so that no one would try
to escape. Life continued within these walls, but more and more Jews were
transported and placed within this prison. There was overcrowding which caused
massive starvation within the Ghettos. In spite of all the hatred, Jews rallied
together using the only thing they had in common- their faith.
PAM as PAVEL FRIEDMANN
My name is Pavel, I was born in Czechoslovakia. I was 21 years old and I was
living in the Czech Ghetto. I composed this poem that was found there after I
The last, the very last,
So richly, brightly, dazzlingly yellow.
Perhaps if the sun's tears would sing
against a white stone. . . .
[PIC 6 Such, such a yellow
Is carried lightly 'way up high.
It went away I'm sure because it wished to
kiss the world good-bye.]
For seven weeks I've lived in here,
Penned up inside this ghetto.
But I have found my people here
The dandelions call to me
And the white chestnut branches in the court.
Only I never saw another butterfly.
That butterfly was the last one.
[PIC 6 Butterflies don't live in here,
in the ghetto.]
(Pavel on Cam) I died in the concentration camp September 29, 1944
HOWARD standing at the podium
The perspective of this poem is one of overall positive perception. The yellow
butterfly is a symbol hope of freedom expressed by Pavel. The butterfly can live
and fly without humanistic boundaries. Pavel, despite the darkness around him,
finds the support with his faith. He said, “I have found my people here.”
(Graphic 7 ) The evils of the Holocaust claimed an estimated 6 million Jewish
people.] The Nazis did not care how young they were or how bright their future
could have. Anne and Pavel left behind a legacy of hope and triumph through
their writings that no oppressive government could ever have stopped. These
Youths wrote and expressed their emotions just like we do, but it was 70 years
ago. The Holocaust was about Nazi occupation and the loss of freedom and the
loss of life.
The Concept of the Holocaust and its persecution still continues today. It is up
to you, as the next generation to stop these evils from repeating.
Dr. Howard's script-
States Congress established the Days of Remembrance as our nation’s annual
commemoration of the Holocaust and created the United States Holocaust Memorial
Museum as a living memorial to Holocaust victims. Holocaust Remembrance Day is
Thursday, April 19, 2012. The Museum designated
Choosing to Act: Stories of Rescue
as the theme for the 2012 observance. In accordance with its Congressional
mandate, the Museum is responsible for leading the nation in commemorating the
Days of Remembrance and encouraging observances throughout the United
Remembrance are observed by state and local governments, military bases,
workplaces, schools, churches, synagogues, and civic centers. Since 1982, the
Museum has organized the national Days of Remembrance ceremony in the U.S.
Capitol Rotunda, with Holocaust survivors, liberators, members of Congress,
White House officials, the diplomatic corps, and community leaders.
The term Holocaust with a capital H commonly refers to the
killing of six million Jews by Nazi Germany during WWII. The term is also used
more broadly to include the Nazis' systematic murder of millions of people in
other groups, including political prisoners, people with disabilities, and other
opponents. The word holocaust with a small letter h is related to other
atrocious, extensive losses of life, including mass slaughter or genocides. The
Holocaust of WWII had many victims and heroic people, including youth. We have
heard Pam refer to the positive attitudes of Anne Frank and Pavel Friedmann,
examples of youth victims of The Holocaust. There were other heroic youth who
resisted the Nazis and tried to protect the Jews. Audrey Hepburn did this as a
young messenger in The Netherlands.